UZBEKISTAN: No religious freedom deterioration after bombings
Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses, Hare Krishna devotees, Muslims and independent human rights groups Forum 18 News Service has spoken to all agree that, in marked contrast to the situation after the March/April terrorist attacks, the authorities reactions after the most recent terrorist bombings have not caused a substantial deterioration in the religious freedom situation.
One Tashkent Protestant who preferred not to be named told Forum 18 that literally hours after the terrorist attacks a Protestant, Maksed Jabargenov, was called in for questioning by the National Security Service for Karakalpakstan [Qoraqalpoghiston] (an autonomous region in the north-west of Uzbekistan). Jabargenov had previously been fined for participating in an unregistered religious meeting. However, he was released virtually within the hour. "At least for the time being, that is the only case of persecution of our fellow-believers known to us following the recent terrorist attacks," Forum 18's source stated (see F18News 9 July 2004 http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=359).
Sergei Artyushkov, head of a group of Jehovah's Witnesses applying for registration in Tashkent, told Forum 18 on 3 August that "in general, we have not noticed a significant stepping up of state policy against us following the terrorist attacks. True, on 1 August the police burst into a private home in the town of Kagan (on the outskirts of Bukhara [Bukhoro] in western Uzbekistan), where a group of our fellow-believers had gathered. They were taken to the police station and held there until morning. However, such cases occurred in Kagan before this as well, and we cannot say that this infringement of believers' rights was provoked by the terrorist attacks on 30 July."
Speaking to Forum 18 on 3 August, Jehovah's Witness Erkin Khabibov said that straight after the terrorist attacks he received a telephone call from the department to combat terrorism at the internal affairs administration for Bukhara region and was ordered to come to see them the following day. However, when Khabibov said that he would not come to the department unless he received an official summons, the police did not insist on their demand.
The authorities' current behaviour is in marked contrast with their behaviour after the terrorist attacks at the end of March and beginning of April. Then, all representatives of religious minorities, who had been found guilty under administrative law of taking part in unregistered groups, were called in for "preventative" interviews with the police, and many of them also had their fingerprints taken (see F18News 13 April http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=298 and 4 June 2004
Neither has any general repressive action so far been recorded against Muslims. Following the March/April terrorist attacks, Muslims were the major group to suffer, and many former prisoners who had been freed under an amnesty were again placed behind bars after weapons or drugs were planted on them.
Immediately after the attacks, police summoned for questioning Akhmajon Madmarov, deputy head of the Fergana regional branch of the Independent
Organisation for Human Rights in Uzbekistan in Margelan (a town in the Fergana [Farghona] valley in eastern Uzbekistan), he told Forum 18 from Margelan on 3 August. Three of his sons are currently in prison for membership of the radical Islamic Hizb-ut-Tahrir party. "So far as I know, other relatives of prisoners of conscience were also called in for police questioning, as well as Muslims who had previously been imprisoned for their religious beliefs," Madmarov told Forum 18. (A description of Hizb-ut-Tahir's aims is in F18News 29 October 2003 http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=170).
Human rights activist Tulkin Karayev told Forum 18 from the southern town of Karshi [Qarshi] on 3 August that following the 30 July terrorist attacks the authorities in Karshi region had tried to stop devout women from wearing hijabs. However, Karayev says that so far there have been no other recorded cases of discrimination against believers provoked by the terrorist attacks.
For more background information see Forum 18's Uzbekistan religious freedom
survey at http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=105
A printer-friendly map of Uzbekistan is available at
30 July 2004
In what he describes as "a vicious circle", Baptist Vsevolod Kalinin has again been refused a residence permit to live in his own home in the capital Tashkent, Forum 18 News Service has been told. In an open court hearing, a representative of the commission of the Tashkent city administration responsible for residence permits said that Kalinin's religious convictions were the main reason for refusing him a residence permit. It is unusual for Uzbek authorities to take a close interest in residential addresses, but Kalinin has since 2002 been the target of close scrutiny by authorities in Tashkent. As well as visits from the police, a military recruitment office has told Kalinin that he could be detained while his place of residence was checked. All Kalinin's appeals, including to Uzbek president Karimov, are met with the reply that he should appeal again to the commission which denied him a residence permit.
29 July 2004
Armed NSS secret police have raided the home of Normurod Zhumaev, a doctor in the Uzbek capital Tashkent, arrested him and confiscated Muslim religious literature and computer equipment, Forum 18 News Service has learnt. He is still under arrest and has been charged under an article of the criminal code which punishes "the creation or leadership of, or participation in, religious extremist, separatist, fundamentalist or other banned organisations". His wife says that he did lead studies of the Koran with a group of his friends, but insists to Forum 18 that the small group did not discuss politics. It is possible that Zhumaev may have attracted the NSS's attention because, like his family, he is a notably devout Muslim and a friend of an imam who was arrested in April.
22 July 2004
Urgench State University has, because of their beliefs, expelled three Hare Krishna devotees, under the pretext of low marks in exams, Forum 18 News Service has learnt. This follows NSS secret police closely monitoring the unregistered Hare Krishnas. In Uzbekistan, contrary to human rights agreements the country has signed, unregistered religious communities are forbidden. The university authorities have also attacked Hare Krishnas, the natural science faculty's dean, Ruzumbay Eschanov, making unsubstantiated allegations, including claiming that Hare Krishna devotees are planning a coup d'etat or putsch. Hare Krishna devotees Forum 18 has spoken to have been told by the NSS that Forum 18's correspondent will be expelled, but the NSS has refused to discuss this with Forum 18. Khorezm is one of Uzbekistan's most difficult regions for religious minorities, with only one open Christian church left and the NSS admitting that "we are the ones who closed down the Baptists' church".